Science and Religion: Defined and Differentiated

Science and religion are two things that are generally known to somehow don’t agree with one another. They are like oil and water that cannot be blended no matter how hard you stir. The former stands on facts while the latter sides with faith. Hence, most of their principles and beliefs clash with one another. However, there are times that some of their parts fit together when viewed in a deeper and another angle. For better understanding about these two complex matters, let us check out how they are defined and differentiated.

Defining Science

By definition, science is any knowledge system that has to do with the physical planet and its occurrences, which comes with fair evaluation and thorough experimentations. It includes a search of information and knowledge that encompasses the general facts or the basic law operations.

If literature has genres, science has branches. These branches contain different field of studies under science that were divided depending on the subject that they focus. The physical sciences are branches of science that revolve around the study of the inorganic planet that contains physics, geology, astronomy, chemistry, and more. The biological branches center on life’s organic world and its methods and are comprise of medicine, biology, and such. There are also the social sciences that focus more on the human behavior’s important factors, economics, political science, and anthropology for instance.

Defining Religion

The connection of people towards that which they perceive and believe as holy, constant, divine, and sacred — this is one of the many definitions of religion. This is also basically viewed as comprising of the method humans handle the crucial things in life and their destiny after they meet death. In several religions, writings are believed to have scriptural conditions where followers are deemed to magnet to the spiritual power.

Those that believe in their particular religions frequently organize or participate in devotional activities, like meditation, prayer brigade, mass, and others. The other elements that are encompassed in living religiously are involvement in religious establishments, moral conduct, precise belief, moral conduct, worship, and more.

There are many religions that are present until today with thousands of believers in each. Some great examples are Christianity, Islam, Hinduism, Buddhism, Judaism, Neo-Paganism, and more. Every person can choose their religion and the God that they believe. Although there are some that were baptized in a particular religion when they were little, they still have the freedom to convert to the religion that they feel most genuine.

Religion has also made a great influence into literature; hence, the publishing of different spiritual books that aim to help believers gain a better understanding on their beliefs.

Difference of Science and Religion

Science and religion are already defined. What’s next is to point out their differences so readers can understand why these two often clash.

According to a content posted in The Atlantic, the little war between science and religion always generates in the minds of the public when the two aspects are mentioned. It looks like the outcomes of science and the beliefs in religion in the last 50 years are in conflict, which the only known answer at that time is to break free from either. Moreover, the disagreement between the two has not truly stressed out. The logical clashing cannot justify or give clarity to the issue apart from the emphasis given on the need of a couple of reiterations.  Science is related with the general statuses that are observed to manage the natural events while religion is totally focused on the observation of both aesthetic and moral principles.

In conclusion, the two are already differentiated and defined — which gives readers a better grasp on the topics. Science and religion may have their disagreements, but it cannot be denied that both can cool their flames and be accord with one another in certain viewpoints. In fact, there are books that centers on analyzing spiritual issues with parts that are linked to science, From Science to Spirituality: Finding Spirituality in Science by Neil C. Griffen for example. And with that, I will leave you with this quote from Francis Collins, “one of the greatest tragedies of our time is this impression that has been created that science and religion have to be at war.”

 

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